Books PDF Leningrad Tragedy of a City Under Siege 1941 44 – sinsenos3.us
He hospital He sat 1 Without his knapsack 2 Without his rags 3 In his underwear 4 Naked 5 A skeleton with ripped out entrails They took him away in May Vera Kostrovitskaya diary entry written during the siege of LeningradThe point at which an entire family was doomed was when its The Amazing Adventures of Dietgirl last mobile member became too weak to ueue for rations Heads of households usually mothers were thus faced with a heartbreaking dilemma whether to eat food themselves so as to stay on their feet or whether to give to the family s sickest member usually a grandparent or child and risk theives of all That many or most prioritized their children is indicated by the Poisonous Snakes large numbers of orphans theyeft behind Anna Reid Leningrad The Epic Siege of World War II 1941 1944There was never so miserable a time on earth as during the Second World War Attempting to chronicle the many horrific incidents of human suffering is Dirty Deeds (Mechanics of Love, like attempting to separate and identify the individual strands of hay in a haystack It s hard to know where to start or end when you have aist that includes gas chambers disguised as showers thousands of people being shot and dumped into huge pits medical experiments performed on children cities firebombed and Infinite Repeat (The Art of Lainey, later atomized Even with all this the siege of Leningrad between 1941 and 1944 should stand out This is not simply because using theowest estimates 650000 people died which is comparable depending on what statistics you use to the combined deaths suffered by both North and South in the American Civil War America s bloodiest war No it s than that It s the way the disaster unfolded the slow and agonizing death of a civilian population due to starvation For a number of reasons though not the Chore Whore least of which was the Soviet Union s attempts to obscure and ignore the siege Leningrad tends to getost in the shuffle of World War II remembrances Anna Reid s Leningrad sets out to rectify this by shining a spotlight on a tale of high The Forgotten Man Graphic Edition level failures andow The Female of the Species level endurance She tells the story of the siege of Leningrad by focusing on the ordinary Leningraders caught in one of history s biggest crap sandwiches sueezed between two of the worst totalitarian systems to ever darken humanity s door Leningrad is a book of tremendous power andaudable attributes However it gets off to a rocky uneven start This is a function of Reid s narrative approach which is close to that of an oral history She relies very heavily on the words of the participants often uoted directly from so called siege diaries While incredibly effective in providing an intimate sense of what the siege was Witch Week (Chrestomanci, like it is not a great method for providing a strategic context The early days of Barbarossa and the ensuing battleseading to Leningrad s near encirclement is not handled clearly Moreover Reid is relatively indifferent to characterizing the upper echelons of either the German or Soviet high command meaning that it becomes hard to keep people and their roles straight The opening act Memory Boot Camp lasts just over a hundred pages out of 416 pages of text Once we get into the siege proper with most of the attention focused on the winter of mass death 1941 42 Leningrad becomes a whole different book Reid takes us onto the streets and houses of a doomed and dying city She stitches together individual memories to create an unforgettable mosaic of anguish The day to day account ofife and death in Leningrad does not London Calling lend itself easily to a chronological telling To be sure Reidays out the progression of events how the Germans tightened the cordon around the city content to Orchard Valley Grooms let them wither on the vine how the city was bombed and shelled one of the fascinating aspects of the siege is theengths that workers went to save the priceless artistic treasures from places such as the Hermitage and how the Soviets attempted to forge a supply Croma Venture: The Spiral Wars, Book 5 line even using an ice road across a frozenake For the most part though Reid s chapters are thematic and since starvation is the heart of the Leningrad siege most of those themes coalesce around food rationing and coupons and ueuing the black market and crime and cannibalism This is a people s history of starving to death It
is one thing to be told that people starved It is another thing to provide a meticulous description of what that one thing to be told that people starved It is another thing to provide a meticulous description of what that The physical symptoms of starvation suffered in varying combinations by the Rancher Daddy (Saddlers Prairie, large majority of Leningraders were emaciation dropsical swelling of theegs and face skin discoloration hunger tan in the slang of the time faces are described as turning black blue black yellow or green ulcers The Tycoons Very Personal Assistant loosening oross of teeth and weakening of the heart Women stopped menstruating and sexual desire vanishedBeyond the physical manifestations Reid discusses "The Mental Aspects Of Attempting To Live With Minimal Caloric "mental aspects of attempting to One Girl One Dream live with minimal caloric The onset ofethargy and hopelessness is heartbreaking especially among children There are unforgettable passages of diarists watching the generations of their family die off before their helpless eyes Of people simply giving up of sitting down and expiring as though nodding off for a nap Desperation ed to dramatic improvisations and a search for food substitutes Within the city institutions involved in food processing and distribution were ordered to search their premises for forgotten or defective stocks that could substitute for conventional flours in the production of bread At the mills flour dust was scraped from walls and from under floorboards breweries came up with 8000 tons of malt and the army with oats previously destined for its horses The horses were instead fed with birch twigs soaked in hot water and sprinkled with salt Another feed involving compressed peat shavings and bonemeal they rejected Grain barges sunk by bombing off Osinovets were salvaged by naval divers and the rescued grain which had begun to sprout dried and milled At the docks arge uantities of cotton seed cake usually burned in ships furnaces were discovered Though poisonous in its raw state its toxins were found to break down at high temperatures and it too went into bread Leningrad is not simply a The Conquerors Lady / The Mercenarys Bride / His Enemys Daughter litany of vicious facts Reid does an excellent job of presenting short arcs and of checking in on various people throughout the siege You get to know theiving and the dead and that makes their experiences meaningful to read Also in a book featuring cannibalism Reid does a fine job of veering away from any hint of exploitation Leningrad is not suffering porn As I mentioned above this is not a comprehensive view of the siege The Broken Prophecy last two years are covered iness than a hundred pages Reid explains this by saying that conditions though by no means normal had certainly improved by then I did not find this to be a problem The substance of this book is so potent that at some point it becomes an exercise in gratuity to keep expounding Early on Reid notes that the siege of Leningrad has a tenuous place in Soviet retellings of the Great Patriotic War The reason of course is that Stalin s regime was caught flat footed and unprepared by the German invasion despite the signs and portents that their Nazi ally was about to betray them Insert your own joke regarding how if you can t trust Hitler who can you tru. Ping away decades of Soviet propaganda and drawing on newly available diaries and government records Leningrad also tackles a raft of unanswered uestions Was the size of the death toll as much the fault of Stalin as of Hitler Why didn't the Germans capture the city Why didn't it collapse into anarchy What decided who The Dangerous Debutante (Romney Marsh, lived and who died Impressive in its originality anditerary style Leningrad gives voice to the dead and will rival Anthony Beevor's classic Stalingrad in its impact. The books focuses mostly on the civilian experience of the siege and probably because of a bias in the availability of sources on the experiences of educated middle class people Who wrote A Surrender My Heart (Harts in Love, lotDiaries are a major source along with interviews conducted many yearsater and for me that was the most fascinating aspect of the book Once all the staggeringly grim statistics the disgusting politics and the bureacratic incompetence are processed there s this absolutely riveting thread of individual and collective human experience still to take in An entire city is The Wedding Challenge (The Matchmaker locked up and starved Is it a universal story Maybeet s never find out maybe not Leningrad is not everycity it s a particular specific place It s a grand historical city a highly educated one a cultural and political center It is a Russian city and it s a city with its own ineffable character So what happens when everything is peeled away bit by bit from the human experience and this city is sent down Maslow s pyramid Security safety warmth food and pretty uickly Quadruplets On The Doorstep life all go What remains An easy myth is that everything is fine people struggle nobly on in dignified honest misery But the notion that it s three meals to barbarism also appears to be an oversimplification The reality is complicated changeable and difficult to summarize I don t know that there s any particular conclusion to take away but the collection of diaries conversations and memories presented here are simply impossible toook away from The thoughts and feelings of people being reduced down to corpses and then for some coming back The small things that become vast outrages and vice versa What stays important and what Luke loses all meaning Are people the same people through all that Does a city stay a city The book focuses on the people of Leningrad and their experiences during WWII The was some original research and interviews as well as use of many other published references The book was structured mainly chronologically with a focus on 1941 There were chapters on certain themes cannibalism purges crime etc a couple of chapters on particular military battles and an odd occasional use of a German officer s experience The way the book was structured for me did not allow the story to flow I certainly got the fact the people starved the Government was inept in planning and failed their citizens and that corruption was rife But somehow I just waseft a bit disappointed The German army raced east in the early stages of the Barbarossa campaign and soon reached Leningrad It stopped at the outskirts of the city and settled down to a The Hero Next Door (Lighthouse Lane long siege The Russians demoralised and bloodied but not beaten hunkered down tooWhat followed was three years of unremitting hardship as the inhabitants ran out of food and fuel Hundreds of thousands starved to death and those that survived had to fight to s As I began to read this essential book on the terrible siege of Leningrad in which approximately three uarters of a million civilians starved to death during its almost nine hundred days from September 1941 to January 1944 I realized that I ve never really been hungry ever Few of the people who will read this have There were a few man made incidents when I went withittle food A Bride For A Blue-Ribbon Cowboy like during Air Force Survival School where for five days my caloric intake was still something people in Leningrad could only dream about but food was always available or not far ahead I couldn t imagineiving with hunger as something that The Witnesses (Lancaster Burning looms over you 24 hours a day until your bodyiterally starts to consume itselfThis amazing book is based mainly on the personal diaries of folks who ived through the siege that many of them didn t survive Of course the starvation suffered by the inhabitants was also man made You can and should blame the Nazis first and foremost and then keep blaming them until you are blue in the face However the Soviet Union basically sentenced many of its own citizens to death during those years in Leningrad what is once again called Saint Petersburg They didn t evacuate enough people they "didn t set up proper defenses they didn "t set up proper defenses they didn come to the aid of the stranded populace and on and onI ve probably
read a half dozen histories of the Siege of Stalingrad but a half dozen histories of the Siege of Stalingrad but was the first I d read about its sister city to the north I suppose that is mostly due to the fact that Stalingrad was the site of a desperate years ong fight to the death between the Soviets and the Nazis while Leningrad saw much Less Armed Conflict This Leads Me To armed conflict This eads me to one criticism of this book the author spends very few pages or none actually outlining the actual siege and how it was carried outAs the writer points out most of the misery inflicted upon the people of Leningrad was the result of the Soviet forces attending other battles on the huge front while allowing Leningrad to anguishThe take away from this history is the same as I The Best Revenge (Redstone, Incorporated learn from all stories of hardship and survival throwing away food is truly a crime The epic Siege of Leningrad during the Second World War is an event that while not exactly overlooked seems to be giveness importance when compared to the Battle of Stalingrad or the massive tank clashes of Kursk or the desperate Ranchers Perfect Baby Rescue last gasp defence of Moscow Anna Reid sets out to describe exactly why the Siege was so important illuminatingesser known details and dispelling popular Soviet myths that sprang up in the years following the war She traces the Siege from the very beginning of war on the Eastern Front in the summer of 1941 the sudden invasion famously taking Stalin and seemingly most Russians by complete surprise through the disastrous early campaigns as the Red Army was chewed to pieces and the Germas swallowed great swathes of territory through to the investment of the city itself it s Silent Confessions liberation nearly three yearsater and the egacy of the siege and it s many transformations as a monument of Russian and Soviet History She gives particular attention to the first horrific siege of the winter when the food shortages hit the city s population hardest and the vast majority of Leningrad s casualties fell over 100000 citizens died of starvation in each of the months of January February and MarchThis isn t a military history Though Reid does highlight several incident s that she thinks haven t received the attention they should such as the Russian Dunkirk the disastrous retreat of the Soviet Baltic Fleet from Tallinn or the grim and tragic tale of the near extermination of the 2nd Shock Army the campaigns strategies and euipment of the various armies are not dealt with in depth Instead Reid focuses on the people and their experiences using diary excerpts etters official records and interviews and devotes as much attention to the civilians trapped inside Leningrad as to the soldiers fighting outside itIt s very grim stuff Spoiler alert a whole 74 Seaside Avenue lot of people died The sheer scale of suffering on the Eastern Front during WWII can be hard to process at times Germans brutalised Russians Russians brutalised Germans Russians brutalised each other Both sides brutalised Jews and various other ethnic minorities unlucky enough to be caught in the middle And the vicious Russian winter of 1941 42 brutalised On September 8 1941 eleven weeks after Hitleraunched Operation Barbarossa his brutal surprise attack on the Soviet Union Leningrad was surrounded The siege was not The Note lifted for two and a half years by which time some three uarters of a million Leningraders had died of starvationAnna Reid's Leningrad is a gripping authoritative narrative history of this dramatic moment in the twentieth century interwoven with indelible personal accounts of daily siegeife drawn from diarists on bo.